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Does Medicare Cover Vitamins?

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By Daniel Petkevich
Dec 5, 2022

Depending on your vitamins, you might get coverage

Regardless of your age, taking vitamins can be a useful component of maintaining your health. But for Medicare coverage of vitamins to kick in, they have to be considered critical rather than useful. Medicare covers some vitamins, but most over-the-counter vitamins are unlikely to be covered. Let's dig deeper into the distinction and how it might affect you.

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Medicare coverage of vitamins

Medicare Part D, which covers prescription drugs and some over-the-counter products in certain situations, does cover some vitamins. Specifically, Medicare will pay for vitamins and minerals that are prescribed by a doctor as part of treatment for a medical condition or illness. Vitamins prescribed to treat diseases like anemia or premenstrual syndrome may be covered by Medicare. You should check your Part D formulary for a list of prescription drugs covered on your specific plan.
However, vitamins prescribed for the prevention of disease or simply to supplement a healthy diet, such as multivitamins, are not covered by Medicare Part D. This means you will have to pay out-of-pocket if you want to get these types of vitamins.
In some instances, Medicare Part B might cover vitamins if you need them injected. For example,

Vitamin B-12

could be administered to treat a vitamin deficiency, which Medicare Part B would cover. Medicare Part B can also cover some testing for vitamins, such as a 25 Hydroxy Vitamin D test. The key to receiving coverage is that the vitamins and/or test must be medically necessary as prescribed by your doctor.
Medicare does cover some vitamins prescribed to treat medical conditions or illnesses, it typically doesn’t cover vitamins taken as part of a healthy diet. If you are looking for an easy way to get your daily dose of vitamins and minerals, talk to your doctor.

How do you know if you need vitamins?

It is important to speak with your doctor if you think you may need vitamins. They will be able to advise on the types of vitamins that might be beneficial for you based on your medical history and current health condition. Your doctor can also evaluate any symptoms you may have to determine if a vitamin deficiency is at the root cause.

What are the benefits of taking vitamins?

Vitamins are essential micronutrients that can play a key role in promoting a healthy lifestyle. Vitamins can help prevent illness, enhance energy levels, support cognitive function, and improve skin health. Taking vitamins can also reduce the risk of certain illnesses like cancer and heart disease.

Which Medicare plans might cover over-the-counter vitamins?

Medicare Part D may cover some vitamins if they are prescribed by a doctor as part of treatment for a medical condition or illness. However, there are other Medicare plans that might provide coverage for over-the-counter vitamins and supplements.

Medicare Advantage plans

, also known as Medicare Part C, may offer additional benefits that include coverage for over-the-counter medicines and vitamins. However, you will need to check with your Medicare Advantage plan provider to see what is included.

How to get your vitamins if they're not covered by Medicare?

If your vitamins are not covered by Medicare, you still have options for getting the vitamins and supplements you need. The best option is to look into ways of buying in bulk or searching online for discounted prices.
You can also speak with your doctor about over-the-counter brands that may be more affordable than name brand products. Additionally, some pharmaceutical companies offer discounts and coupons for their products. Finally, there are various discount programs available that may help lower the cost of vitamins and supplements.

Tips for taking vitamins

Overall, vitamins can be a valuable component in maintaining your health. To ensure you are taking them correctly and getting the most benefit, remember to:
  • Consult your doctor for advice on which type of vitamins or supplements are best for you.
  • Read the dosage instructions carefully and follow them closely.
  • Take the vitamins at consistent times each day.
  • Follow up with your doctor regularly.
As a reminder, this content is for informational purposes only. Talk with your healthcare professional to get answers personalized for your situation.


The answer to whether Medicare covers vitamins depends on the type of vitamin, why you need it, and which Medicare plan you have. Generally speaking, Medicare doesn't cover vitamins unless they're deemed medically necessary. You should check in with your doctor before starting or stopping taking vitamins. This content is for informational purposes only. For any other questions about your Medicare coverage, give us a call. Fair Square Medicare is here for you.

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Join the Fair Square Medicare Newsletter to stay informed on cost savings, changes to Medicare, and other valuable healthcare information.

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